Nicotine and Nicotine Dependence #WorldLungCancerDay @kcancer

Nicotine is an organic compound and is clear to pale yellow in pure form. It is naturally found in tobacco, tomato, and other plants in the Nightshade family. Nicotine is a relatively small molecule and easily enters human body. As nicotine enters the body, it is distributed quickly through the bloodstream and cross the blood-brain barrier. In the brain, nicotine acts on nicotinic receptors and results in releasing a number of neurotransmitters, including acetylcholine, dopamine, endorphins, enkephalins, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and serotonin etc. The increased levels of the neurotransmitters are responsible for euphoria and relaxation.

Nicotine is a highly addictive substance. The addiction has to do with biochemical reactions in the human body. Its addictive nature has been found to show that nicotine activates reward pathways – the circuitry within the brain that regulates feelings of pleasure and euphoria. As mentioned, after nicotine enter human body, a number of neurotransmitters were released. Dopamine is one of the key neurotransmitters actively involved in the brain. By increasing the levels of dopamine within the reward circuits in the brain, nicotine acts as a chemical with intense addictive effects. These effects spur the continued use of tobacco and lead to dependence. Getting dopamine boost is part of the addiction process. Nicotine dependence means you can’t stop using the substance, even though it’s causing you harm. In some people, using any amount of tobacco can quickly lead to nicotine dependence. Nicotine dependence brings a host of health problems. At the same time, quitting tobacco use causes withdrawal symptoms, including irritability and anxiety. Withdrawal from nicotine is both physical and mental. Physically, the body is reacting to the absence of nicotine. Mentally, the user is faced with giving up a habit, which calls for a major change in behavior. Both the physical and mental factors must be dealt with to quit and stay quit.

Many factors contribute nicotine dependence. The genes we inherit play a role in some aspects of nicotine dependence. The likelihood that we will start smoking and keep smoking may be partly inherited. Some people experiment with smoking and don’t experience pleasure, so they never become smokers. Other people develop dependence very quickly. Some “social smokers” can smoke just once in a while, and yet another group of smokers can stop smoking with no withdrawal symptoms. These differences may be explained by genetic factors that influence how nicotine receptors on the surface of our brain’s nerve cells respond to nicotine. People who have mental illness, such as, depression, schizophrenia, substance abuse etc, are more likely to be smokers. Smoking may be a form of self-medication for these disorders.

It is important to remember that even though you quit smoking, nicotine craving remains with you for the rest of your life. Never test this hard way and stay absence of tobacco smoking!

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The Whole Point of Smoking is Inhalation of Nicotine #WorldLungCancerDay @kcancer

The whole point of tobacco smoking is inhalation of nicotine, a stimulant, which causes the body to release pleasurable chemicals, such as, acetylcholine, dopamine, endorphins, and enkephalins, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and serotonin etc. These chemicals generate high effects in human body, which is the true reason why people like tobacco smoking.

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Smoking Reduces Incidence of Some Diseases #WorldLungCancerDay @kcancer

Tobacco smokers think that antismoking activists misrepresent research to make smoking seem more dangerous than it is. For example, smokers argue that many of the chemicals found in cigarette smoke, such as lead and arsenic, are found in much higher concentrations in so called healthy foods, such as wine and fish. Furthermore, smokers contend that cigarette opponents fail to acknowledge the role smoking has had on reducing the incidence of a number of diseases, such as, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, depression, pain, and obesity etc.

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Smoking Conveys Physiological Satisfaction #WorldLungCancerDay @kcancer

Modern life brings us a lot of worry, anxiety, stress, and depress.  These affect us not only psychologically but also physiologically. Our modern culture lacks adequate relaxation. Many of us not only do not know how to relax, but do not take time to learn. Instead, we pick up unhealthy methods to relieve pressure from daily life. Smoking helps us to relax, since it gives us a legitimate excuse to linger a little longer after meals, to stop work for a few minutes, or to sit at home without doing anything that requires effort.

When a person feels depressed, the rhythm of his breathing becomes upset. A short and shallow breath creates a heavy feeling in the chest. Smoking results in deep breath, forces a rhythmic expansion of the chest, and thus restores the normal pace of breathing. These actions remove weight on the chest and may relieve mental depression temporarily. When we are enraged, we breathe heavily. Smoking makes smokers breathing more steadily, and thus calms them down.

Smoking brings oral pleasure. Oral pleasure is just as fundamental as sexuality and hunger. It functions with full strength from earliest childhood. There is a direct connection between thumbsucking and smoking. Adult smoking may be an extension of child thumbsucking to provide comfort. The satisfied expression on a smoker’s face when he executes the entire process of smoking is ample proof of his sensuous thrill.

There are scientific evidences that why so many smokers feel they smoke more under stress. Stress has a physiological effect on the body which makes the urine acidic.  Whenever the urine becomes acidic, the body excretes nicotine at an accelerated rate.  Thus, when a smoker encounters a stressful situation he loses nicotine and goes into drug withdrawal.  Most smokers feel that when they are nervous or upset cigarettes help calm them down.  The calming effect, however, is not relief from the emotional strain of the situation, but actually the effect of replenishing the nicotine supply and ending the withdrawal.  It is easy to understand why smokers without this basic knowledge of stress and its nicotine effect are afraid to give up smoking.  They feel that they will be giving up a very effective stress management technique.

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Smoking Brings Psychological Pleasure #WorldLungCancerDay @kcancer

In mythology and religion, fire and smoke are full of meaning. Its floating intangibility and unreal character have made it possible for imaginative man to visualize it as mystery and magic. For thousands of years, tobacco has had a sacred purpose for many people all over the world. It was used for praying, for showing respect, for healing, and for giving spiritual protection. Tobacco was considered the ultimate sacred plant and its smoke fog was believed to carry one’s thoughts and prayers to the God or other powerful spirits.

Even for us moderns, fire and smoke have strong fascination. It is true magic that you allow to swallow fire and to exhale smoke through a lighted cigarette. Fire is the symbol of life, and the idea of fire is surrounded by much superstition and inspiration. Smoke or fog extends the fire further. When smoker light his cigarette and see the glow in the dark, he feels he is not alone any more. A cigarette seems to be something alive. When it is lighted it appears to be awakened, brought to life. It’s a fascinating thing to watch the smoke take shape. The smoke, like clouds, can form different shapes. Smokers like to sit back and blow rings and then blow another rings through the first ones, which make smokers relaxed.

The mind can concentrate best when all outside stimuli have been excluded. Smoking literally provides a sort of “smoke screen” that helps to shut out distractions. Many smokers felt and they couldn’t think or write without a cigarette. Moderate smoking stimulates their mental alertness, gives them a focal point and attention, provides their hands something to do; otherwise they might make them self-conscious and interfere with their mental activity.

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Tobacco is a Dirty Weed, I Like It #WorldLungCancerDay @kcancer

Here is a poem by Graham Lee Hemminger, Penn State Froth, Tobacco.

Tobacco is a dirty weed

I like it.

It satisfies no normal need.

I like it.

It makes you thin, it makes you lean,

It takes the hair right off your bean.

It’s the worst darn stuff I’ve ever seen.

I like it.

Despite its obvious health risks and negative social stigma, still for every five people in the world, one is a smoker. Out of the 6.7 billion people living in this world, 1.2 billion people smoke tobacco. That’s 18% of the world’s population. Seriously, this is something many of us don’t understand. Throughout history smoking bans and prohibitions introduced by authorities resulted in minimal quit-smoking outcome. In spite of some harsh punishments including death penalty, smoking and smokers had continued to thrive and spread all over the world. Repressive measures seem to have aroused a spirit of popular rebellion and helped to increase the use of tobacco. The psychological pleasures and physiological satisfaction derived from tobacco smoking proved much more powerful than religious, moral, and legal persuasions. It seems that the senses of excitement derived from a cigarette can’t be obtained from anything else. Some smokers are unhappy, unsatisfied, nervous, bored, anxious, lonely, tired or just frustrated without their cigarettes. Some smokers use cigarettes to keep them thin, make them better able to think, or that they are more sociable while smoking.  Some smokers smoke to celebrate the joyful times of life.  Food, drink, fun and games, and even sex all seem to lose their appeal without an accompanying cigarette. Some smokers survived so many challenges in life, whose last, largest pleasure and perhaps his most effective way of relieving stress, are the treasured freedom to smoke. Some smokers have had multiple heart attacks, circulatory conditions resulting in amputations, cancers, emphysema and a host of other disabling and deadly diseases.  They are fully aware that smoking is crippling and killing them, but continue to smoke anyway. To them, life seems not worth living without smoking.

The pleasure miracle provided by the little white paper roll has so much to offer that I can safely predict the cigarette is here to stay. It should point out that this predication is not intended as a eulogy of the habit of smoking, but rather as an objective estimation on why people smoke cigarettes.

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7 Facts You Need to Know About Lung Cancer

Here’s a list of seven facts you need to know about lung cancer. 

1. Targeted therapies are showing great promise in treating lung cancer.

If you’ve been diagnosed with lung cancer, talk to your doctor about comprehensive genomic tumor testing. It is best to have this discussion before the initial biopsy, but it is never too late to discuss this with your doctor.

2. CT screenings can save lives.

Get screened using a low-dose CT scan- it’s the only proven effective way to screen for lung cancer.  X-rays do not detect lung cancer at it’s earliest of stages.

3. Smoking is the #1 risk factor….

Cigarette smoking is the #1 risk factor for lung cancer.  Smoking cigars, pipes and hooka also increases your risk.  If you are a current or former smoker, your risk of developing lung may be up to 25 times higher than someone who never smoked. Quitting reduces your risk, even if you’ve smoked for years.

In addition to causing cancer, smoking damages nearly every organ and organ system in your body.  Consider taking part in the Great American Smokeout on Thursday, November 17, 2016.  Talk to your doctor about strategies or stop-smoking aids that can help you quit.

4. …But, be aware, nonsmokers can get lung cancer too.

Roughly 10 to 15 percent of lung cancer cases occur in non-smokers.  Risk factors include:  exposure to radon gas, secondhand smoke, carcinogens like asbestos or diesel exhaust, air pollution and even gene mutations.

5. There are identifiable warning signs that can lead to early diagnosis.

Only 16% of people with lung cancer will be diagnosed when at the earliest stage, when the disease is most treatable.  If you are experiencing a chronic cough, coughing up blood, hoarseness, wheezing, frequent shortness of breath, chest pain, bone pain, or unexplained weight loss, talk to your doctor right away.

Also talk to your doctor if you have a family history of lung cancer – especially a parent or sibling.

6. There are different types of lung cancer. 

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer, making up 80-85% of all cases.   Adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma and large cell neuroendocrine tumors are considered to be part of this group.

Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) makes up 15-20% of all lung cancer cases.  This is a fast-growing cancer that spreads rapidly to other parts of the body.

Mesothelioma is a cancer of the lining of organs and can originate in the lungs or the abdomen, heart, and chest.  It is associated with exposure to asbestos.

Carcinoid tumors are a type of neuroendocrine tumor that can originate in the lungs or small intestine.

7. Cutting-Edge research helps us attack lung cancer head on.

NFCR-funded scientists are working around-the-clock on projects that can help us attack lung cancer. For example, in July, the FDA approved the drug Iressa® as front-line treatment for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The approval is extended to only those patients whose tumors contain specific mutations

By Robyn Stoller

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Today, August 1, 2017 is World Lung Cancer Day

Lung cancer continues to be one of the most common cancers worldwide, claiming more lives yearly than breast, colon, and prostate cancers combined. It is estimated that lung cancer accounts for nearly one in five cancer deaths globally.

In this World Lung Cancer Day, let us commemorate, celebrate and support those impacted by lung cancer. Join the grassroots efforts of the lung cancer community to raise awareness about lung cancer and its global impact, creating an educational movement of understanding lung cancer risks as well as early diagnosis and treatment around the world.

Let’s kick lung cancer together!

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Four common Causes of Lung Cancer

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Picture of the Day

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Rebrand Smoking: Options for Quit and Alternative Smoking

The era that smoking cigarettes make you look sexy, help you relax, and lift your spirits is definitely vanishing. But this doesn’t mean it is the end of tobacco smoking. We still have long way to go. Historically, even death penalty had negligent effect on stopping smokers from smoking. In contrary, Repressive measures seem to have aroused a spirit of popular rebellion and helped to increase the use of tobacco. It is no doubt that the traditional tobacco smoking has significant negative impacts on individual smokers and society, and should be banned. However, to some smokers, life seems not worth living without smoking. It is apparent that tobacco smoking delivers special something which can’t be obtained from anywhere else. That special something is nicotine, a stimulant, which causes the body to release pleasurable chemicals, such as, acetylcholine, dopamine, endorphins, enkephalins, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and serotonin etc. These chemicals generate high effects in human body, which is the true reason why people like tobacco smoking.

Smokers are now fortunately to have numerous alternatives to enjoy the healthy magic exciting nicotine, and avoid the thousands of toxins and carcinogens from combustible tobacco. It is possible to create nicotine effect or supply nicotine in a large variety of formulae:

  • Natural Methods, such as acupressure and hypnosis
  • Semi-Natural Methods, such as acupuncture and herb
  • Nicotine Supplement Products, such as nicotine gum and nicotine lozenge
  • Alternative Smokes, such as smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarette

Therefore, smoking should be rebranded as toxic brand and non-toxic brand. It is smoker’s right to use the non-toxic brand and enjoy the stimulating gift from nature.

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Thought of the Day: The best preparation for tomorrow is doing yur best today – H. Jackson Brown, Jr.

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World Lung Cancer Day

August 1 is the World Lung Cancer Day. Kcancer would like to remind everyone of the dismal numbers and statistics associated with this disease. A lot has been achieved, but a lot more needs to be done. Let’s join hands and work towards making lung cancer a chronically manageable disease!

Kcancer hosts forums on lung cancer prevention, diagnosis and treatment during the 2017 World Cancer Day and beyond.

Let’s Kick Lung Cancer Together!

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Picture of the Day

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Thought of the Day: Sometimes in life, what you are searching would be right behind you.

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Motivation Speech by Gary Vaynerchuk

 Motivation is critical for your success. Please take 15 min of your time to watch the video below, which is presented by Gary Vernerchuck, an motivating speaker and creator of Wine Library TV:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EhqZ0RU95d4

Enjoy!

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Thought of the Day: Accept no one’s definition of your life, define yourself – Robert Frost

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Kcancer Dog Hero!

U.S. Marine veteran Lance Cpl. Jeff DeYoung carries Cena a 10-year-old black lab who was a military service dog, aboard the LST 393 where he was put down on Wednesday, July 26, 2017 in Muskegon, Mich. Cena was diagnosed with an aggressive form of bon

Marine dog with cancer gets tear-filled farewell

Hundreds of people in Michigan came together to say a tear-filled final goodbye to a cancer-stricken dog who served three tours in Afghanistan with the U.S. Marines.

Cena the 10-year-old black lab received a hero’s farewell Wednesday before being euthanized at the USS LST 393, a museum ship in Muskegon, and carried off in a flag-draped coffin.

Cena, who was recently diagnosed with terminal bone cancer, was a bomb-sniffer for the Marines until his retirement in 2014. The celebration for Cena was organized by his owner, Lance Cpl. Jeff Young, who was paired with the dog in 2009 and 2010 while on a combat tour in Afghanistan and who adopted him in 2014. Cena then became DeYoung’s service dog to help him with his post-traumatic stress disorder.

“My whole adult life I’ve had Cena,” DeYoung said. “When I was 19 overseas learning how to be responsible, I had Cena. And now I’m 27 and I’m having to say goodbye to one of the biggest pieces of my life.”

DeYoung said he has carried Cena across rivers and thrown his body over him while under heavy fire from the Taliban. He said Cena kept DeYoung’s body warm during cold desert nights, and comforted him when he lost seven friends in three weeks.

As part of the celebration, DeYoung took his dog on one last ride in a topless Jeep that was decorated and named “Cancer Response Team.”

“It started off with my basically wanting to go to a dealership and wanting to borrow a Jeep for a day and really small to a community tribute or a community parade for him and he’s truly deserved it all,” DeYoung said. “The support, all the love people are giving him, he can see it and he can feel it.”

The ceremony was attended by the U.S. Marine Corps League, Michigan State Police, Muskegon County Sheriff’s Office, Muskegon City Police, Muskegon Fire Department and officers from several other departments, including a canine officer named Rex. Attendees gave one final three-volley salute with “Taps” playing in the background for Cena, who was wearing a decorated blue Marine vest.

“Lord, it is with heavy hearts that we are sending another Marine to you today,” said chaplain Wesley Spyke as he addressed the crowd in prayer.

A GoFundMe page was set up for donations to help build a headstone for Cena.

“Any dog that served overseas deserves exactly what I’ve done for Cena, if not more,” DeYoung said.

By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

 

 

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Thought of the Day: Try to be a rainbow in someone’s cloud – Maya Angelou

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Thought of the Day: Adopt the pace of nature: her secret is patience. – Ralph Waldo Emerson

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